The Ottoman Caliphate and Arab Nationalism

…there was no nationalist fervour among the Ottoman Empire’s Arabic-speaking subjects. One historian has credibly estimated that a mere 350 activists belonged to all the secret Arab societies operating throughout the Middle East at the outbreak of World War I, and most of them were not seeking actual Arab independence but rather greater autonomy within the Ottoman Empire.

Sheikh Abdullah Quilliam’s Call for Unity

“In 1896, the Sheikh had been outraged by the discovery that Egyptian nationalist tracts calling for independence from the Ottoman Empire were being distributed in Cairo, London and Paris. Quilliam’s anger led to the issuing of a fatwa on the 20th April 1896 in which he makes his position on loyalty to the Caliph veryContinue reading “Sheikh Abdullah Quilliam’s Call for Unity”