More than a century later Samuel Usque, a Portuguese Jew who wrote a famous book called The Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel, expresses a similar view. Usque sets forth these consolations in two categories, the one human, the other divine. Among the human consolations the “most signal is great Turkey, a broad and spacious sea which God opened with the rod of His mercy as He opened the Red Sea at the time of the exodus … here the gates of liberty are always open for the observance of Judaism.” This must have come as a considerable surprise to a traveller from sixteenth-century Portugal.
“In 1896, the Sheikh had been outraged by the discovery that Egyptian nationalist tracts calling for independence from the Ottoman Empire were being distributed in Cairo, London and Paris. Quilliam’s anger led to the issuing of a fatwa on the 20th April 1896 in which he makes his position on loyalty to the Caliph veryContinue reading “Sheikh Abdullah Quilliam’s Call for Unity”