The Jewish Rabbi who fought alongside the Prophet ﷺ

[Please note that the following should in no way be interpreted as an endorsement of the Abraham Accords and normalisation between Muslim states and Israel, which is a betrayal of Islam and therefore condemned by Muslims throughout the Islamic world]

When the Prophet ﷺ established the first Islamic state in Medina, he drew up a charter or document (Ṣaḥīfah) outlining the rights and duties of both the Muslims and Non-Muslims in the state. This document is sometimes referred to as a “constitution” [See here for more on the subject]. The citizens of Medina agreed to abide by this document.

In article 37 of the Ṣaḥīfah, it states:

“The Jews must bear their expenses and the Muslims their expenses. Each must help the other against anyone who attacks the people of this document. They must seek mutual advice and consultation, and righteousness is a protection against sinfulness.

A man is not liable for his ally’s misdeeds. The wronged must be helped.”

[Akram Ḍiyā’ al ‘Umarī, Madinan Society at the Time of the Prophet, International Institute of Islamic Thought, Herndon, 1992, Vol. I, p. 110]

In the third year of the Islamic Hijri calendar (625 CE), the Quraysh attacked Medina seeking to destroy the nascent Islamic state. This is known as the Battle of Uhud.

In line with the agreement in the Ṣaḥīfah, a leading figure of the tribe of Banu Tha‘laba, a Jewish Rabbi named Mukhayriq fought alongside the Prophet ﷺ and was martyred.

According to both Ibn Ishaq and al-Waqidi, Mukhayriq converted to Islam before his death [‘Umarī, op. cit., Vol II, p. 62].

The following is the account given by Ibn Kathir:

Ibn Ishaq stated, “At Uhud, one of those killed was Mukhayriq. He was of Banu Tha‘laba b. al-Fityawn. On the day of the battle of Uhud he proclaimed, ‘O Jews, you have learned, I swear by God, that it is your duty to help Muhammad to victory.’ They responded, ‘But today is the sabbath’. ‘You shall have no sabbath,’ he insisted.

He then took his sword and equipment saying, ‘If I should fall, then my wealth goes to Muhammad to do with as he wishes.’

He then went to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and fought along with him until he was killed.

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stated, so I have been told, ‘Mukhayriq is the very best of the Jews.’

Al-Suhayli stated, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ converted Mukhayriq’s property, consisting of seven orchards, into a waqf, a charitable endowment, in Medina.”

Muhammad b. Ka‘b al-Qurazi stated, “This was Medina’s very first waqf.”

[English translation of  Al-Sīra al-Nabawiyya by Ibn Kathir, Volume III, pp. 50-51]

Published by caliphatefoundation

The Caliphate Foundation seeks to promote Orthodox Muslim views regarding Islamic governance and systems of life and engage with those who oppose the normative views of Islam. Whatever your opinions on the Caliphate are, your contributions to the discussion are most welcome.

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